(Turkish: طغرا ). The calligraphic signature of an Ottoman sultan, consisting of the sultan’s names and titles. The tughra was inscribed on official documents and correspondence to authenticate them. (Also spelled: tugra). Pronunciation here. Video here.

Suleyman tughra

Tughra of Suleyman the Magnificent. Ink, watercolor and gold on paper. Ca. 1555-60. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.