Tronies were a category of subject in 17th-century Dutch painting, translated roughly as “faces” or “expressions”.  Tronies were painted from living models, but they were not intended to be recognized as individuals. Rather, they represented interesting characters or types, such as a dashing soldier, and old man or a beautiful young woman. Pronunciation here. Web resource here.

JanLievensBeardedManWithABeret1630Jan Lievens. Bearded Man with a Beret. Oil on panel. Ca. 1630. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C.