Salon des Refusés

(French: “Rejects’ Salon”). The first Salon des Refusés exhibition is considered a landmark in the history of modern painting. It was held in Paris in 1863 on the orders of Emperor Napoléon III to show artwork that had been refused by the selection jury of the official Salon of the Académie des Beaux-Arts. A scandal was created by the exhibition of Édouard Manet’s Bathing, which depicted a female nude and clothed male figures together in a contemporary outdoor scene. Other exhibitors in 1863 included Claude Monet, Camille Pissarro, Paul Cézanne and James McNeill Whistler. The Salon des Refusés was held twice more, in 1864 and 1873. Web resource here

Édouard Manet. Le Bain (Bathing). Oil on canvas. 1863. Musée d’Orsay, Paris.