(Italian: “little onion”).  A type of white  marble with green streaks, quarried near Karystos, Greece. First used in ancient Greece, cipollino was exported widely in the Mediterranean region starting in  the first century BCE.

cipollinoDetail of cipollino column from the Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine, Rome. 308-312 CE.

cippolinoCipollino columns, Temple of Antoninus and Faustina, Rome. Begun 141 CE.