automatism

A technique developed by the Surrealists as a way to access the unconscious mind. The artist’s hand is allowed to move randomly across the paper or canvas, freeing the act of mark-making from conscious control.  Automatism was pioneered by French artist  André Masson (1896-1987) and practiced by Joan Miró, Salvador Dalí, Jean Arp and others. Web resource here.

Masson

André Masson. Automatic Drawing. Ink on paper. 1924.  Museum of Modern Art, New York.