In ancient Greek art, the period from 600 to 480 BCE.  The Archaic period saw the development of the Doric and Ionic orders in temple architecture, the kouros and kore types in sculpture, and the black-figure and red-figure techniques in vase painting. The Archaic period followed the Orientalizing and preceded the Classical period. The Persian invasion of Greece in 480 BCE marks the end of the Archaic. Web resources here and here.

Attic black-figure lekythos with Achilles, Ajax and Athena. Late 6th c. BCE. Museum of Art and Archaeology, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO.