(Greek: ανάσταση, “raising up”). In Byzantine art, a depiction of the Christian tradition in which Jesus is believed to have descended into Hell after his Crucifixion to free human souls from death. In the iconography of the Orthodox church, Christ appears dressed in white and gold and is depicted trampling on the  gates of Hell, with broken locks, bolts and hinges scattered at His feet, as He rescues Adam and Eve and other righteous figures from the Old Testament. Also known as the Harrowing of Hell.

The Anastasis. Fresco in the Church of Christ in the Chora, Istanbul. Ca. 1315 CE. Photo: Steven Zucker.