A distorted image that appears normal when seen from a particular viewpoint or with a mirror or lens. Anamorphosis has been used by artists to disguise caricatures, erotic scenes and other hidden images from a casual viewer.
Left: Hans Holbein the Younger. The Ambassadors. Oil on oak panel. 1533. National Gallery of Art, London. Right: anamorphic memento mori skull in the foreground of The Ambassadors, viewed from the correct (oblique) angle.