The French term japonisme describes the practice of Western artists incorporating Japanese motifs, aesthetic ideas, and techniques into their work.  Japonisme was an important phenomenon in Europe and America in the last four decades of the 19th century and the first two decades of the 20th century.  Artists influenced by japonisme include Édouard Manet, Mary Cassatt and James MacNeill Whistler. Web resources here and here.

WhistlerJames MacNeill Whistler. Nocturne: The Thames at Battersea. Lithograph. 1878. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.