hypostyle

From the Greek hypostylos (“under columns”), hypostyle describes an architectural space in which the roof is supported by rows of columns. ¬†Hypostyle spaces are common in Egyptian, Persian, Greek and Asian architecture.¬† In Islamic architecture, the hypostyle mosque is one of the earliest and most common plans for a congregational mosque.

Karnak

Reconstruction of the Great Hypostyle Hall, Karnak, Egypt . Ca. 1290-1224 BCE.