(German: “The Bridge”). A group of young German artists who came together in Dresden in 1905. The founding members were Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Fritz Bleyl, Erich Heckel and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. They shared an expressive style characterized by high-keyed color and a direct, simplified approach to form. The name Die Brücke was chosen to suggest the group’s desire to “bridge” the past and present. The group disbanded around 1913.